THE HISTORY

of Vestmannaeyjar

History of Vestmannaeyjar

Frá tíma Herjólfs Bárðarsonar hefur byggð verið samfellt á eyjunni. Íbúafjöldinn hefur tekið þrjár stórar dýfur í gegnum aldirnar. Fyrst var um helmingsfækkun að ræða þegar um þrjú hundruð manns voru numin á brott í Tyrkjaráninu árið 1627. Öðru sinni var vegið að Eyjaskeggjum í ungbarnadauðanum á 18. öld. Svo var það á 20. öldinni í Heimaeyjargosinu árið 1973 þegar á meira en 6 mánaða skeiði bjuggu eingöngu um 200 manns á Heimaey, en þegar gosið hófst voru þeir um 5.100. Nú er bæjabúar um 4.100 manns.Frá tíma Herjólfs Bárðarsonar hefur byggð verið samfellt á eyjunni. Íbúafjöldinn hefur tekið þrjár stórar dýfur í gegnum aldirnar. Fyrst var um helmingsfækkun að ræða þegar um þrjú hundruð manns voru numin á brott í Tyrkjaráninu árið 1627. Öðru sinni var vegið að Eyjaskeggjum í ungbarnadauðanum á 18. öld. Svo var það á 20. öldinni í Heimaeyjargosinu árið 1973 þegar á meira en 6 mánaða skeiði bjuggu eingöngu um 200 manns á Heimaey, en þegar gosið hófst voru þeir um 5.100. Nú er bæjabúar um 4.100 manns.

SETTLEMENT OF THE ISLAND

Settelment

There are places in Iceland that simply have to be experienced. Vestmannaeyjar fill that group by virtue of their natural beauty, the bounty of their wildlife, particularly birds, and by being historically and geographically one of Iceland´s most distinctive places. The islands are part of a young and still active submarine volcanic system, most of them coming into being 10-20.000 years ago. The youngest of the group, however, Surtsey, south of Heimaey, only grew from the sea floor in episodic eruptions from 1963-1966. The famous eruption on Heimaey, the largest and sole inhabited island was, however, even more spectacular. It began in January 1973, lasting until early July. The cone Eldfell (fire mountain in Icelandic), rose, the island became 2,3 km² larger and block lava flows and ash burned or buried almost 400 buildings. The remains of the eruption are among the island´s most fascinating historical locales.

Westman Islands

TURKIS INVATION

Turkis invation

In the summer of 1627 a group of pirates invaded Iceland. They captivated a few Icelanders in Grindavík and then sailed to the East-fjords. From there they turned back and sailed to the southern part of the country and on July 16th, 3 pirate ships arrived at Vestmannaeyjar. As the main harbor was quite well defended, the pirates sailed toward the southern part of Heimaey and send a group of men on shore at a cove which later would be named Pirate’s Cove. A local businessman, Lauritz Bagge, had followed the ships along the shore riding on his horse. When he saw the pirates take land he fired his gun at them, which the pirates only replied to with shouts and calls. The businessman returned to town and fled on a ship to the mainland. The pirates came sailing from Algiers, the capital of Algeria in Africa. During this time, Algeria belonged to the kingdom of the Turkish sultan and therefore people refer to it as the Turkish invasion.

Westman Islands
Westman Islands

Settlement of the island

There are places in Iceland that simply have to be experienced. Vestmannaeyjar fill that group by virtue of their natural beauty, the bounty of their wildlife, particularly birds, and by being historically and geographically one of Iceland´s most distinctive places. The islands are part of a young and still active submarine volcanic system, most of them coming into being 10-20.000 years ago. The youngest of the group, however, Surtsey, south of Heimaey, only grew from the sea floor in episodic eruptions from 1963-1966. The famous eruption on Heimaey, the largest and sole inhabited island was, however, even more spectacular. It began in January 1973, lasting until early July. The cone Eldfell (fire mountain in Icelandic), rose, the island became 2,3 km² larger and block lava flows and ash burned or buried almost 400 buildings. The remains of the eruption are among the island´s most fascinating historical locales.  bla bla

Turkish invation

In the summer of 1627 a group of pirates invaded Iceland. They captivated a few Icelanders in Grindavík and then sailed to the East-fjords. From there they turned back and sailed to the southern part of the country and on July 16th, 3 pirate ships arrived at Vestmannaeyjar. As the main harbor was quite well defended, the pirates sailed toward the southern part of Heimaey and send a group of men on shore at a cove which later would be named Pirate’s Cove. A local businessman, Lauritz Bagge, had followed the ships along the shore riding on his horse. When he saw the pirates take land he fired his gun at them, which the pirates only replied to with shouts and calls. The businessman returned to town and fled on a ship to the mainland. The pirates came sailing from Algiers, the capital of Algeria in Africa. During this time, Algeria belonged to the kingdom of the Turkish sultan and therefore people refer to it as the Turkish invasion.

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Westman Islands

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Settlement of the island

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Turkish invation

Westman Islands

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Westman Islands

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Westman Islands

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